What is the standard of PCB thickness?
The typical PCB thickness is 0.063inches or 1.57mm; it is a standardized level defined from the past. That is because, during the plywood industry, 0.063″ was the thickness of the plywood sheets used as substrates for electronic devices, which included PCBs.
When multiple layer PCBs started developing, the thickness of the connectors between the boards had to match. Therefore, the level of consistency became a significant variable, and there was a requirement for a standard deck of the copper used as layers on the plate edges. In turn, 0.063″ became the Standard PCB Thickness.
The width of the board is reliant on the insulating layer and the content of its material. Early in the development of PCBs, the layers, top, and bottom were made of Bakelite, and the resultant thickness was 0.0065″.
What are the options of PCB thickness?
The number of layers your PCB determines the overall thickness of your PCB. Some applications require a thicker PCB while some require a thinner type. SO the thickness has very varying standards. The typical range of thickness for the core and prepreg combined is between 0.008 -0.240 inches.
What are the factors affect PCB thickness?
Size, Weight and Flexibility
Thinner boards are lighter and more flexible than their thicker counterparts but will break more easily due to brittleness. While flex PCBs must be thin to achieve their flexibility, applications that do not require flexibility may benefit from a slightly thicker board for the sake of structural integrity.
Copper thickness plays a role in the overall thickness of the PCB. The thickness of the copper layer used usually depends on the current that needs to pass through the PCB.
The operation and lifetime of a PCB depend on the choice of materials, but these choices also impact board thickness. Typical board fabrication consists of the substrate, laminate, solder mask and silkscreen. Of these, the laminate and substrate are the most important materials for consideration, as they provide the structure of the board and greatly impact overall thickness.
The Number of PCB Layers
The number of PCB layers will, understandably, influence the thickness of the board. While 2-6 layer PCBs thickness may fall within the standard threshold of PCB thickness, 8-layer and up PCBs thickness may not.
How to custom PCB thickness?
Sheets or panels used for manufacturing PCBs are easily available in the market. There are various customization options that offer designs and thicknesses as per your specifications and needs. You can pick the thickness range from 0.2mm to 6.3mm in millimeter increments of a hundredth. Read further to find out factors that must be supervised while opting for a customised PCB board thickness.
- Turnaround time: Generally, the expected turnaround time to receive a customized PCB layer thickness is more due to the uncommon thickness specifications. This will impact your delivery schedule and development timing.
- CM’s equipment capabilities: If you do not want to compromise in your design and model, be careful while choosing your CM. If your CM has limited options of equipment to manufacture and design the typical PCB thickness you are looking for, you will have to compromise and modify your PCB layout.
- Additional costs: Customization costs are generally higher due to the additional details and expectations. The use of specific material, design, and adhering to a detailed set of instructions amounts to additional manufacturing costs than usual prices.