When it comes to immersion gold and gold plating, a lot of PCB manufacturers is fabricated your circuit boards with immersion gold, because there is a poor solderability in plating gold.
- Flat Surface
- No Pb
- Simple Process
- Cost Effective
- No Way to Measure Thickness
- Not Good for PTH (Plated Through Holes)
- Short Shelf Life
- Can Cause ICT Issues
- Exposed Cu on Final Assembly
- Handling Sensitive
What are the features of immersion gold in PCB?
This type of finish involves a two-layer metallic coating; it consists of electroless plating that is covered with a thin layer of immersion gold, the function of the immersion gold is to safeguard the nickel from oxidizing during storage, and the nickel functions more like a barrier to the copper and a surface on which the components are soldered. Recently, due to the advantages provided by ENIG, ENIG is one of a printed circuit board (PCB) industry, the most common types of surface treatment, including a plane, lead-free, suitable for plated through holes (PTH), long shelf life.
In the early stages of ENIG plating, reliability is still unclear, i.e., this type of leaf had dependability problems. This has resulted in the disuniting of the copper pads from the finish. Unlike the hot air solder leveling, the electroless immersion nickel-gold does not uniformly wet. To ensure that the conventional coating provides the proper temperature and concentration, the reducing agent consisting of nickel ions must be renewed.
What are the main aspects of immersion gold in PCB?
Easy to soldering
Based on different crystal structure those get formed by both Gold plating and ENIG. Additionally, welding ENIG does not bring about welding defects based on the fact that ENIG is a bit softer than Gold plating. It is easy to control the stress in immersion gold as opposed to Gold plating.
Unlike other types of solutions that may fail to function as desired across several electronic products, something good about ENIG PCB is that it can perfectly fit across various electronic products with much ease.