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The primary benefit of HDI printed circuit boards is the capability to “do more with less”; with copper-etching technology continuously refined for better precision, it became possible to combine functionalities of multiple PCBs into one HDI PCB.

Shortening the distance between devices and trace spaces, HDI PCBs allow for deployment of a large number of transistors for better performance in electronics while lowering power consumption. Signal integrity is also improved due to the shorter distance connections and lower power requirements. Other performance improvements over conventional PCBs include stable voltage rail, minimal stubs, lower RFI/EMI, and closer ground planes and distributed capacitance.

Additionally, consider using a HDI printed circuit board for the following benefits:

Cost-effectiveness: when properly planned out, overall costs are reduced due to the lower number of necessary layers and smaller sizes/fewer number of needed boards when compared to standard PCBs. 

Faster time-to-market: Design efficiencies in HDI PCB production mean faster time-to-market. Because of the easy placement of components and vias and electrical performance, it takes a shorter amount of time to go through the design and testing process for HDI PCBs. 

Better reliability: Microvias have much better reliability than typical through holes due to the use of a smaller aspect ratio; they are more dependable than through holes, granting HDIs outstanding performance with better materials and parts.

What are the lamination & material of HDI PCB?

Advanced multilayer technology allows for designers to sequentially add additional pairs of layers to form a multilayer PCB. The use of a laser drill to produce holes in the internal layers allows for plating, imaging and etching prior to pressing. This added process is known as sequential build up. SBU fabrication uses solid filled vias allowing for better thermal management, a stronger inter connect and increasing the board’s reliability.

Resin coated copper was developed specifically to aide with poor hole quality, longer drill times and to allow for thinner PCBs. RCC has an ultra-low profile and ultra-thin copper foil that is anchored with minuscule nodules to the surface. This material is chemically treated and primed for the thinnest and finest line and spacing technology.

The application of dry resist to the laminate still uses heated roll method to apply the resist to core material. This older technology process, it is now recommended to preheat the material to a desired temperature prior to the lamination process for HDI printed circuit boards. The preheating of the material allows for better a steady application of the dry resist to the surface of the laminate, pulling less heat away from the hot rolls and allowing for consistent stable exit temperatures of the laminated product. Consistent entrance and exit temperatures lead to less air entrapment beneath the film; this is critical to the reproduction of fine lines and spacing.

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