What are the main types of PCB gold finger plating?
There are two types of gold applicable to the PCB gold finger plating process:
- Electroless Nickel Immersion Gold: This gold is more cost-effective and easier to solder than electroplated gold, but its soft, thin (typically 2-5u” composition renders ENIG unsuitable for the abrasive effects of circuit board insertion and removal.
- Electroplated Hard gold: This gold is solid (hard) and thick (typically 30u”), thus more ideal for the abrasive effects of constant PCB usage.
Gold fingers make it possible for different circuit boards to communicate with one another. From the power source to the device or equipment, signals must pass between several contacts for a given command to be enacted.
What is PCB gold finger beveling?
Have you found out that the edges of PCB gold fingers are in slope forms? Well, the procedure of beveling allows sharp, square edges to turn into slopes. In the case of PCBs or printed circuit boards, the beveling process completes the surface finish. The beveling process of the gold fingers of a PCB gets initiated after completing the disposition of solder masks. The process of PCB gold finger beveling is unavoidable in terms of making insertions quicker and more effortless. Unless the gold finger beveling is completed, insertions will be more difficult than usual.
As you have already known about the beveling process, you also have to know which angle you are supposed to bevel the edges. Usually, PCB gold fingers are beveled at angles of 30 or 45 degrees to ease up the particular slot’s insertion process. Anyway, engineers and technicians bevel PCB gold fingers according to the requirements of the clients. The beveling angle of gold fingers also depends on the size of a particular circuit board.
What are the standards of PCB gold finger plating？
There are some standards you need to follow for the gold fingers so that it can work correctly during the plating process of gold finger. As well as the PCB design need to take into account the areas where is necessary to proper finger length and alignment. The rules can be used for the gold finger design as the follows no matter what the size or the purpose of the circuit board:
1. Plated through hole should far away from the gold fingers;
2. There should be kept at a distance between gold fingers and solder mask or screen printing;
3. Gold fingers should always keep the opposite direction from the middle of the board.
If you don’t follow these rules during the plating process of PCB gold finger, the circuit board may be unable to communicate with the parent board. Alternately, the board might not be unsuitable for the corresponding slot on the motherboard.
What are the specifications of PCB gold finger plating？
- Do not locate plated through holes near the gold fingers.
- The gold fingers should not have solder mask or screen printing near them.
- Always orient the gold fingers so they face opposite the center of the PCB.
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