What is Concept?
After identifying the need for a PCB, the next step is determining the board’s final concept. This initial phase involves defining the functions the PCB will have and perform, its features, its interconnection with other circuits, its placement in the final product and its approximate dimensions. Also, consider the approximate temperature range the board will operate in and any other environmental concerns.
The next phase is to draw the circuit schematic based on the final concept. This diagram includes all the information needed for the electrical components of the board to function appropriately, as well as details such as component names, value, rating and manufacturer part numbers.
While you’re creating your schematic, you’ll be creating your bill of materials. This BOM contains information on all of the components you need for your PCB. Always keep these two documents up to date.
Board-Level Block Diagram
Next, you will complete a board-level block diagram, a drawing describing the final dimensions of the PCB. Mark areas designated for each block, sections of components that are connected for electrical reasons or because of constraints. Keeping related components together will enable you to keep your traces short.
The next step is component placement, which determines where you will place each element on the board. Often, you may go through several rounds of refining component placement. circuit board component placement
After you’ve completed the design, you should conduct a series of tests to ensure it meets all your needs. If it does, the design is complete.
What are the PCB layout guidelines?
There are lots of considerations during the PCB layout and design process, so we are going to provide the guidelines for you to reference.
Some of these basic constraints include the size and the shape of the board. The standard PCB is rectangular. You will need to ensure you have adequate board area for the circuit. The size of the end product, the functionality the board must provide and other factors determine how large the board should be. Before you start the design process, estimate the size of the board. If you do not have enough space for all the functionality required with a more straightforward design, you may need to use a multilayer or high-density interconnect design.
Another critical consideration is the number of layers you’ll need, which power levels and design complexity will help decide. Adding more layers may increase production costs but enable you to include more tracks. This may be necessary for more complex boards with advanced functionality.
Use at least two vias to make layer transitions for all high-current paths. Using multiple vias at layer transitions increases reliability, improves thermal conductivity and reduces inductive and resistive losses.